Hello dear reader!
My name is Collins, a student of the University of Benin currently studying Electrical and Electronics Engineering but I love English.
Today I’ll be sharing some brilliant idea on the actual and correct use of the words; Have been, Has been and Had been.
Most users of the word don’t actually get the concept and this brings a little confusion when using the word. Sometimes you just get confused on which to use. Should I say I have been there or I had been there?
Well let’s get straight to the lessons. I’ll be highlighting three different use of the words Have been, Has been and Had been.
Have been, Has been and Had been
(Present) – is used for plural noun (I, You, They, We)
I have been
The cats have been
They have been
We have been
Is used for singular noun (He, She, It) and uncountable nouns.
He has been
She has been
The water has been
It has been.
Is used for past tense. Here the past tense had been can be used for both Plural and singular nouns.
They had been
She had been
We had been and so on.
Now let’s get to the three different ways the words can be used.
First use of Have been, Has been, Had been.
They are used for travel experience. I’ll share some examples below.
1. We have been to Cameroon many times.
2. We Have visited The University of Benin 3 times
3. We have been to The University of Benin 3 times.
4. I have been to UNILAG 3 times
5. I have visited UNILAG 3 times.
It can also be used for questions like;
Have you been to The University of Benin before?
Yes, I have been to The University of Benin many times.
NOTE: we cannot talk about specific time. Example below;
I’ve been to UNILAG last year (WRONG)
Now let’s talk about the use of past tense – Had been
Had been can only be used when talking about two events in the past.
1. When I visited Milan last year, I had never been to Italy before.
Second use of Have been, Has been and Had been
Let’s discuss the second use – the present perfect continuous form.
Have been, Has been and Had been can also be used for actions or situation that happened in the past and are still continuing.
1. I’ve been studying English for 3 years.
2. I’ve been studying English since 2017.
Take note of the time frame here, For and Since.
For – the length of time I’ve been studying English and I’m still studying English.
Since – the start of my English study. Since 2017 and I’m still studying.
More examples below;
3. We have been together for 3 years.
4. We have been together since 3 years.
1. Afrokit has been watching TV for 4 hours.
2. Afrokit has been watching TV since 3am.
All of these examples both in Have and Has are all continuous.
I’ll use the same examples above to explain Had.
1. I had been studying English for 3 years when I left the school.
2. We had been together for 3 years when we broke up.
3. Afrokit had been watching TV since 3am when he stopped some house work.
Now take note of both events, they are both past tense but one continues.
We had been dating for 3 years – continuous
When we broke up – the end of our relationship.
Third use of Have been, Has been and Had been.
We use them for passive voice.
This is not common but important that you know it because you’ve definitely come across it before.
1. Your offer has been accepted – passive voice.
The active voice for this statement would be – The seller had accepted your offer.
We use passive voice to shift concentration from ourselves. For example; a politician will likely say
2. Mistakes have been made – passive voice.
But the active voice for this would be;
I have made mistakes.
He wouldn’t want to say he has made mistakes so he’d definitely say; mistakes have been made.
Now how do we use Had been for passive voice. This is very uncommon but it’s quite important you know it.
1. The marketing campaign had just been launched when the agency shut down.
2. The plane had been waiting for fuel when the pilot noticed a fault in the engine.
Two event occurred here,
one the plane had been waiting for fuel
And two the pilot noticed a fault in the engine.
Now I’ll drop some test questions for you to practice. I want you to drop your answers in the comment section below. I will attend to your answers and if I don’t get to correct you on time just help yourselves with the correct answers.
Questions – Drop your answer in the comment.
1. ___ you ___ to Lagos before?
2. She ___ ___ waiting for the doctor since 9am.
3. A gang ___ ___ arrested on suspicion of various crimes.
4. He ___ ___ searching for a job for 3 months when he got invited for an interview.
5. Your letters ___ ___ delayed in the post.
I’ll be expecting to see your answers in the comment section. Please note that I’m not an authorized English teacher. I made research on various books and italk academy before writing this article.
Senate passes sexual harassment bill that protects university students from predatory lecturers
The Nigerian Senate has passed a bill which deals with the sexual harassment of students in universities and other tertiary institutions
The bill was passed in plenary on Tuesday, July 7 , 2020, shortly after a report was submitted to the chamber by Senator Opeyemi Bamidele, chair of the Committee on Judiciary, Human Rights and Legal Matters.
The bill was introduced by Deputy Senate President, Ovie Omo-Agege, and co-sponsored by 106 senators amid a series of high-profile cases of students being sexually assaulted by their lecturers.
The bill prevents lecturers from having or asking students or prospective students for sexual intercourse; making sexual advances; or directing another person to commit any act of sexual harassment.
The bill also forbids lecturers from whistling, winking, stalking, making sexual jokes, or making remarks about a student’s physique that are sexually flattering or uncomplimentary.
We are also prohibited from grabbing, embracing, kissing, rubbing, stroking, touching, or pinching a student’s body’s breasts, hair, lips, thighs, buttocks, or any other sensual portion.
The bill also provides that the consent of a student to a sexual relationship with a lecturer can not be granted.
Upon conviction, offenders may be sentenced to a maximum jail term of 14 years, fined the sum of N5 million or both.
The Universities’ Academic Workers Union (ASUU) opposed the bill, saying it is targeting a specific class.
Senator Bamidele, however, said the bill ‘s goal was to outlaw the offense of student sexual assault and criminalize the act of misconduct or inability of administrative heads to answer student grievances.
“We have observed that sexual harassment in our tertiary institutions is one of the major factors responsible for the decline in academic excellence in the country today, because this ugly trend has compromised hard work, merits and transparency,” he said.
The bill will be forwarded for competition to the House of Representatives, and then forwarded to President Muhammadu Buhari for either rejection or signing into law.
The bill is entitled “A Bill for an Act to Avoid, Ban and Remedy Students’ Sexual Abuse in and for matters related to tertiary education, 2019”
5 Study Abroad Scholarships for Nigerians
Due to the coronavirus pandemic, scholarships for Nigerians has been on a wave. Most countries have closed up their borders, preventing individuals from moving in or out of the country.
Well, we pray for the end of this global pandemic.
This article mainly focuses on scholarships available for Nigerians(Africans) seeking a better education abroad.
The decision to study abroad is one of the best a student can make and should you work towards your dream, you can open up yourself to a lot of educational experiences and opportunities.
5 STUDY ABROAD SCHOLARSHIPS FOR NIGERIANS
1. Study in UAE: Canadian University Dubai Undergraduate Scholarships 2020/2021 for International Students
Organization: Canadian Dubai University
Country to study: Dubai
Course to study: all undergraduate courses available at the university.
Benefit: if awarded this scholarship, you will receive 100%, 50%, or 20% of your tuition waived as seen fit by the university.
Application Period: this scholarship is currently ongoing and will end on 7th July 2020 for the fall semester and on 20th December 2020 for the spring semester.
2. Bilateral Education Agreement Undergraduate Scholarship
The Bilateral Education Agreement (BEA) Undergraduate Scholarship is awarded by the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Education Scholarship Board to provide eligible undergraduate Nigerian students with the opportunity to pursue their studies in various international countries.
Organization: Federal Ministry Of Education
Country to study: Students who are awarded this scholarship will study in – Algeria, Cuba, Egypt, Hungary, Japan, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Mexico, Morocco, Russian Federation, Tunisia or Turkey, Greece, Czech Republic, Ukraine, and South Africa.
Course to study: Agricultural Sciences, Architecture, Biology – Biotechnology, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Geology, Law, and Mathematics.
This BEA scholarship is catered for by both the Federal Ministry Of Education and the scholarship awarding country.
The Federal Ministry Of Education pays to the students:
$500 monthly for supplementation, $250 yearly for warm clothing, $200 yearly for Health Insurance, and a Medical allowance of $500 yearly for General medicine scholars only.
$6,000 per annum for feeding, local transport, maintenance, equipment/ books.
The scholarship awarding country covers tuition fees and accommodation fees for the students.
To be qualified for this scholarship, you need to:
Have made a minimum of Five Distinctions (As & Bs) in your WAEC exams in all the subjects.
3. TWAS-CSIR 2020-2021 Postgraduate Fellowship Programme for Researchers in Developing Countries
The World Academy of Science (TWAS) and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) scholarship is for young scientists from developing countries who aspire to pursue Postgraduate research in emerging areas in science and technology.
For these aspiring scientists, facilities are in place at the laboratories and institutes in the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) which they can utilize for the duration of their program.
Organization: The World Academy of Science
Country to study: India
Course to study: Agricultural Sciences, Astronomy, Space and Earth Science, Biology and Organisms, Chemical Sciences, Engineering Sciences, Mathematical Sciences, Medical and Health Science / Neuroscience, Physics, and Structural Cell and Molecular Biology.
Benefit: CSIR will provide funds for living costs, food, and health insurance. They are also entitled to subsidized accommodation.
Application period: this scholarship is currently ongoing and will end on May 11, 2020.
4. Kingston University Undergraduate Scholarships 2020/2021 for International Students – UK
The Kingston University Undergraduate Scholarship is awarded to international students who will be open to studying a three-year undergraduate course in any subject at the university.
Organization: Kingston University
Country to study: UK
Course to study: Any course
Benefit: Kingston University offers international students scholarship awards £200,000 broken down to the sum of £4,000 each year.
To be eligible for this award, you need to check these boxes:
Be an international student
Is not currently registered at the Kingston University, is currently applying
Received an unconditional or conditional offer to study an undergraduate course at Kingston University.
Application period: this scholarship is currently ongoing and ends on May 31, 2020.
5. Chevening Scholarships 2020/2021 in the UK for Developing Countries (Fully-Funded)
The cheving Scholarship is offered to eligible International students from developing countries, to provide them with the opportunity to study at various universities in the UK.
Organization: the Chevening Scholarship is sponsored by the Foreign and Common Wealth Office.
Country to study: UK
Course to study: courses eligible for this scholarship are ones that are related in areas of politics, government, business, the media, the environment, civil society, religion, and academia.
Benefit: if you are awarded for this scholarship, you will receive the following benefits from Chevening:
Tuition fees, payment to cover your thesis or dissertation (if applicable)
Arrival allowance, excess baggage allowance, entry clearance application for you.
Monthly allowance to cover living expenses and accommodation. The stipend given to you for accommodation depends on whether you will be staying inside London.
Application period: September – November.
These scholarships are worth applying for, so hurriedly start applying for the ones you qualify for. Your dream university is just a click away!
Reasons why you should take online education seriously
All sectors have been affected one way or the other by the recent coronavirus pandemic. However, one major sector that has been greatly affected by the Covid-19 pandemic is the educational sector.
One might argue that the economy has been impacted negatively but the educational sector is relatively important as the economy. Whichever side you stand on, we really need to be optimistic about the current situation of the world’s population, hoping that it will get better as time goes on.
We aren’t talking about the economy today though, we are focusing more on the educational sector and how we can still learn amidst this dreadful pandemic.
Online education: The way forward?
With the use of social media increasing tremendously, online education may just be the way forward for students anywhere across the globe. Instagram, for instance, records over 400 million users daily. Now, about 60% that use this platform are students which brings the question, “what exactly are they doing online?”
The answer to this question is simple and doesn’t require an explanation as it is obviously not studying. Since students use social media often, why not introduce learning online. This way, students can use what they like doing to learn.
As a student, online education may sound less interesting, unrealistic and time-wasting but these benefits might just change your perspective.
Benefits of online education
Students reading this may have mixed feelings when it comes to signing up for an online course as it won’t be the exact experience as face-to-face teachings. Even as online education has its disadvantages, there are so many reasons why you should still drop your motives about it and give it a try. Here are the benefits of online education and the reasons why you should take it seriously.
1. More time for your hobbies and careers development
Taking an online course offers you more options. You have the added advantage of working while studying online. There will be several classes where you don’t need to log in to partake in tutorial sessions but follow discussion forums instead.
This can give you the opportunity to work and plan your schedules right, you can actually work while attending discussion forums or skip classes then return to the forum because it’s always there.
Once you’ve finished your online course, you would have attained a high level of working experience, unlike face-to-face lectures where you always have to be present in class.
Once you start taking an online course, you can do so anywhere, when I say anywhere, I mean any environment that is convenient for learning.
You may choose your bedroom, your living room, a friend’s place just across the street etc. Isn’t this interesting? So you will spend less time in traffic trying to get to school, less bothered about coming late and flexible options when it comes to learning!
3. More time to work on your self-discipline
This is by far one of the best advantages of online education. There is no teacher to keep you focused while lecture is ongoing, you have just yourself, your phone/laptop/tablet and the online course to deal with. Therefore, this is the right time for you to set yourself a target and improve your self-discipline and determination because taking an online course requires a lot of motivation.
4. Less expenses
Online education gives you an opportunity to spend less and save more. Here’s Why? You won’t pay for accommodation as you’ll be at home, no transport fees, cheap tuition fees and selective books to purchase.
5. Variety of courses to study
Majority of students don’t go to classes because of the location, the number of students present and so many other reasons. However, studying online will give you an advantage as you can pick any course to study without having to think of any inadequacies.
My job here is done and I hope this article has changed your mindset about online education. If you have any suggestions or questions to ask, kindly drop them in the comment section below!